A study conducted by researchers at the National Center for Cardiovascular Research (CNIC) has highlighted the need for early intervention and control of risk factors to prevent cardiovascular disease in young people. The study, published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology, emphasizes that arteries in younger people are more vulnerable to damage due to factors such as high cholesterol and blood pressure, which can promote atherosclerosis.
The authors of the study suggest that aggressive interventions, including lifestyle modifications such as diet changes, reducing alcohol consumption, and lowering salt intake, can help control cholesterol levels and blood pressure. If these measures are not effective, pharmacological treatments may be necessary. The researchers also urge for early screening for subclinical atherosclerosis and aggressive management of risk factors to alleviate the global burden of cardiovascular disease.
The results of this study highlight the importance of considering primary prevention strategies for young adults. The research suggests that atherosclerosis can be reversed if aggressive interventions are implemented early on. Therefore, it is crucial to begin controlling risk factors at an earlier age to prevent cardiovascular disease in young people. The authors recommend screening for cholesterol or atheroma plaques in the carotid or femoral arteries to identify those at risk and begin aggressive risk factor management.