In Peru, the move towards a bicameral parliament in the 2026 elections has sparked controversy among experts and independent voices. Members of the current unicameral Congress sought to qualify themselves for immediate re-election by implementing this action, which raised concerns about manipulation of political power and lack of representation of people’s voices.
While some independent voices previously supported bicameralism as a means to improve debate and create fairer representation, experts were not satisfied with how this step was taken. They believed that the Congress members prioritized their own advantages over the needs of society. There were concerns that creating a bicameral Congress without proper consultation and significant political reform may not lead to better results.
The 130-member unicameral Parliament approved the initiative, but it will only take effect if it receives similar support in the next legislature session starting in January. However, this move was not approved in a referendum in 2018, raising questions about the legitimacy of the current Congress and its actions to push for bicameralism without proper consultation with society.
Critics argue that the current Congress does not have majority support from citizens and therefore should not be making decisions that have long-term implications for Peru’s political system. This raises questions about the legitimacy of the Constitutional Court and balance of power in Peru.
The question of bicameralism also brings up broader issues about democracy and governance in Peru, whether current Congress is capable of delivering meaningful political reform, and whether it has broad popular participation required for effectiveness in a country with rapidly growing population and diverse political landscape.
The implications of this move are significant for Peru as it raises concerns about concentration of power in hands few, lack of accountability, erosion democratic values, challenges transitioning from unicameral to bicameral system without broader political reforms and popular support.
In conclusion, while some may see bicameralism as a positive step towards improving debate and representation, others see it as an attempt by elected officials to maintain their grip on power at any cost. As such, any decision made regarding this issue must be carefully considered with input from all stakeholders involved to ensure that it benefits everyone equally.