A new report released Monday has revealed that nearly half of the world’s migratory species are facing a decline in population. Birds, sea turtles, whales, sharks and other migratory animals are at risk of extinction due to various factors such as habitat loss, illegal hunting and fishing, pollution and climate change.
Lead author of the report, Kelly Malsch, highlighted the importance of stopover sites for migratory species. Migration is critical for the survival of some species and endangering this process could lead to their extinction. The report utilized data from the International Union for Conservation of Nature’s Red List.
The United Nations (U.N.) will review proposals for conservation measures at an upcoming meeting in Samarkand, Uzbekistan. These decisions are crucial as no single country can save any of these species on its own.
At the meeting, eight South American governments plan to propose adding two declining Amazon catfish species to the list of migratory species of concern. Protecting the Amazon River basin is essential for the survival of these catfish because it is the largest freshwater system in the world.
In 2022, governments pledged to protect 30% of the planet’s land and water resources for conservation at the U.N. Biodiversity Conference in Montreal, Canada.