• Thu. Feb 29th, 2024

Hypertensive Disorders of Pregnancy and Gestational Diabetes: Unveiling their Impact on Cardiovascular Health in Children

ByEditor

Feb 13, 2024
Study suggests that pregnancy complications could lead to poorer cardiovascular health for the child

A new study will be presented at the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine’s annual meeting, The Pregnancy Meeting™, unveiling findings that suggest hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) and gestational diabetes (GDM) may have negative effects on a child’s cardiovascular health.

In a secondary analysis of 3,317 maternal-child pairings from the prospective Hyperglycemia and Adverse Pregnancy Outcome Follow-up Study (HAPO FUS), researchers sought to determine if there was a connection between HDP and GDM and a child’s cardiovascular health. From the study, it was found that 8 percent of women developed high blood pressure during pregnancy, 12 percent developed gestational diabetes, and three percent developed both high blood pressure and diabetes.

Considering this data, researchers then examined the cardiovascular health of the children 10 to 14 years after delivery. By acquiring data on the children’s body mass index, blood pressure, total cholesterol, and glucose levels, researchers were able to determine their cardiovascular health in childhood. The results showed that 55.5 percent of the children had at least one non-ideal metric, increasing their risk of heart disease and stroke as they grow older.

The study’s lead author, Kartik K. Venkatesh, MD, PhD, noted the importance of these findings as they suggest that what happens in the womb can affect a child across their lifespan. As maternal-fetal medicine subspecialist and assistant professor of obstetrics and gynecology and assistant professor of epidemiology he emphasized on taking steps to prevent or manage HDP and GDM to improve children’s long term health outcomes.

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