• Wed. May 29th, 2024

Pregnancy Nutrition: New Study Reveals Importance of a Balanced Diet to Support Baby’s Health

BySamantha Nguyen

Mar 26, 2024
An expectant mother’s unhealthy diet can increase the risk of disease for the fetus

Expectant mothers should be aware that their eating habits may not be optimal, according to a new study conducted at the University of Turku. The research, led by doctoral researcher Ella Koivuniemi, found that an unhealthy diet during pregnancy can increase the fetus’s susceptibility to diseases like cardiovascular issues later in life. Koivuniemi recommends pregnant women to consume at least five servings of plant-based foods daily, but only half of the women in the study met this recommendation.

It is crucial for expectant mothers to consume enough nutrients to support the growth and development of the fetus and their own tissues and placenta. Vegetables, fruits, and berries are rich in fibers, vitamins, minerals, and folic acid, which is essential for preventing birth defects. While taking a folic acid supplement is recommended, Koivuniemi highlights the importance of obtaining nutrients from food as well. A severe lack of folic acid in the fetus can lead to neural tube closure disorders, which are rare in Finland but carry significant risks.

Research also shows that epigenetics plays a role in shaping a child’s metabolism during pregnancy. The mother’s obesity and poor diet can affect the fetus’s metabolism, increasing the child’s risk of diseases like type 2 diabetes. Evidence suggests that the fetus’s metabolism may adapt to store fat efficiently during times of need, leading to future health challenges. Research on epigenetics in humans is ongoing and complex, with evidence from cross-generational population studies supporting its role in human health.

The study also examined the eating habits of children under school age. Most children did not consume enough vegetables and fruits, with only one percent meeting the recommended five servings per day. Quality of diet was also assessed, with just 14 percent eating well while most had moderate to poor diets due to factors like busy lifestyles and lack of support.

Overall, Koivuniemi emphasizes that expectant mothers should prioritize a balanced diet rich in nutrients such as fruits

By Samantha Nguyen

As a content writer at newsqwe.com, I am passionate about crafting engaging and informative articles that captivate our audience. With a background in journalism and a keen eye for detail, I strive to deliver content that is not only well-researched but also adds value to our readers' lives. From breaking news stories to in-depth features, I take pride in my ability to tell compelling stories that resonate with our diverse audience. When I'm not typing away at my keyboard, you can find me exploring new cafes, practicing yoga, or getting lost in a good book. I am thrilled to be a part of the newsqwe.com team and look forward to sharing my love for writing with all of our readers.

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