• Tue. Mar 21st, 2023

2022 Disasters in numbers – Globe


Mar 18, 2023


Executive Summary

In 2022, the Emergency Occasion Database EM-DAT recorded 387 all-natural hazards and disasters worldwide, resulting in the loss of 30,704 lives and affecting 185 million men and women. Financial losses totaled about US$ 223.eight billion. Heat waves triggered more than 16,000 excess deaths in Europe, although droughts impacted 88.9 million persons in Africa. Hurricane Ian single-handedly triggered harm costing US $ one hundred billion in the Americas. The human and financial effect of disasters was reasonably larger in Africa, e.g., with 16.four % of the share of deaths compared to three.eight % in the preceding two decades. It was reasonably reduced in Asia in spite of Asia experiencing some of the most destructive disasters in 2022.

The total of 387 catastrophic events in 2022 is slightly larger than the typical from 2002 to 2021 (370). The occurrence of every single kind of disaster was also close to the typical levels in the final two decades.

In 2022, the total death toll of 30,704 was 3 occasions larger than in 2021 but beneath the 2002-2021 typical of 60,955 deaths, the latter getting influenced by a handful of mega-disasters, such as the 2010 Haiti earthquake (222,570 deaths). For a extra beneficial comparison, the 2022 toll is practically twice the 2002-2021 median of 16,011 deaths.

The effect of heat waves on the elderly is a statistic that is increasingly documented and reflected in EM-DAT’s figures. Accordingly, heatwave-associated excess mortality in Europe, with a provisional estimate of 16,305 deaths, accounted for more than half of the total death toll in 2022. There had been at least 5 record-breaking heat waves in Europe in 2022, with summer season temperatures reaching 47°C.

The drought-induced famine in Uganda triggered two,465 deaths, generating it the second deadliest disaster occasion in 2022 right after the European heat waves. In addition, droughts impacted 88.9 million persons in six African nations (the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Nigeria, Sudan, Niger, and Burkina Faso) in 2022. Notable drought events also occurred in China (exactly where six.1 M persons had been impacted, costing harm worth US$ 7.six B), in the USA (US$ 22 B), and in Brazil (US$ four B).

The Pakistan June-September floods impacted 33 million persons, causing 1,739 deaths and financial harm costing US$ 15 billion. Monsoon floods also struck India (two,035 deaths, US$ four.two B), Bangladesh (7.two M persons impacted), and China (US$ five B). In Nigeria, floods triggered 603 deaths and resulted in an financial price of US$ four.two billion, although there had been 544 flood-associated lives lost in South Africa. The February flood in Brazil killed 272 persons, and the floods in Eastern Australia in February and March price US$six.six billion.

The previous year (2022) was marked by 3 key storm events, like two in the Philippines: Tropical Storm Megi in April (346 fatalities) and Tropical Storm Nalgae in October (three.three M persons impacted). Hurricane Ian struck the USA, causing harm worth US$ one hundred billion, generating it the costliest disaster occasion of 2022.

As for earthquakes, 3 events stood out in 2022, with two of these ranking amongst the major ten deadliest disaster events: the southeastern Afghanistan earthquake in June (1,036 fatalities) and the Indonesia earthquake in November (334 fatalities). Ultimately, the Fukushima earthquake of 2022 resulted in harm costing US$ eight.eight billion, generating it the occasion with the fourth-highest financial effect.

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